Cómo citar
Tanya. (2021). Revaluación de los contratos de arrendamiento de aviones en la era de la pandemia: navegando los desafíos de invocar fuerza mayor aplicando dificultades bajo el derecho comercial internacional. Novum Jus, 15(Especial). https://doi.org/10.14718/NovumJus.2021.15.E.8
Licencia

Aquellos autores/as que tengan publicaciones con esta revista, aceptan los términos siguientes:

  1. Los autores/as conservarán sus derechos de autor y garantizarán a la revista el derecho de primera publicación de su obra, el cuál estará simultáneamente sujeto a la Licencia de reconocimiento no comercial de Creative Commons que permite a terceros compartir la obra siempre que se indique su autor y su primera publicación esta revista.
  2. Los autores/as podrán adoptar otros acuerdos de licencia no exclusiva de distribución de la versión de la obra publicada (p. ej.: depositarla en un archivo telemático institucional o publicarla en un volumen monográfico) siempre que se indique la publicación inicial en esta revista.
  3. Se permite y recomienda a los autores/as difundir su obra a través de Internet (p. ej.: en archivos telemáticos institucionales o en su página web) antes y durante el proceso de envío, lo cual puede producir intercambios interesantes y aumentar las citas de la obra publicada. (Véase El efecto del acceso abierto).

Resumen

La mayoría de las aeronaves se adquieren mediante contratos de arrendamiento y la carga financiera recae sobre el arrendador debido a la financiación de equipo pesado para el arrendatario en estos contratos. Por lo tanto, para asegurar que el arrendatario cumple su pago de arrendamiento al arrendador, la cláusula Hell or High-water está redactada en el contrato.

Esto obliga al arrendatario al pago independientemente de cualquier cambio circunstancial que lo haga difícil de pagar por el arrendatario. Sin embargo, debido a la pandemia, las aerolíneas han sufrido una severa crisis de efectivo que les dificulta cumplir con sus próximas obligaciones contractuales.

Las compañías aéreas están debatiendo invocar Fuerza Mayor en estos contratos para excusar incumplimientos y evitar daños, pero considerando el desarrollo en Derecho Aéreo Internacional Privado y la naturaleza del contrato, será difícil tomar tales medidas.

Este documento propone aplicar la Dificultad codificada en el Principio de UNIDROIT de Contratos Comerciales Internacionales para que las aerolíneas puedan renegociar el contrato con los arrendadores en lugar de evitar por completo su obligación contractual. Esto proporcionará un respiro al arrendatario y también garantizará que su obligación hacia el arrendador se mantenga durante la pandemia.

Palabras clave:

Citas

International Arbitration Court of the chamber of the commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, Award 116 of 20 January of 1997.

Centro de Arbitraje de Mexico, Award of 30 November of 2006.

Berger, Klaus Peter and Behn, Daniel. Force Majeure and Hardship in the Age of Corona: A Historical and Comparative Study (2019-2020) 6 McGill J. D.R 77. Force Majeure TransLex-Principle VI 3’ at VI 3 (c). https://www.trans-lex.org/944000.(accessed 20 April 2021).

Bunker, Donald H. International Aircraft Financing (2d edInternational Air Transport Association 2005). ISBN-10 : 9291954365.

Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment. (16 Nov. 2001). 2307 U.N.T.S. 285, art 1(q). hereinafter Cape Town Convention.

Endrizalova, Eva and others. Operating Lease as a Specific Form of Airlines Outsourcing (18th international scientific conference Business Logistics in Modern Management. November 2018 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328829802_Operating_Lease_As_A_Specific_Form_Of_Airlines_Outsourcing (accessed 2 April 2021).

Duty to renegotiate Trans Lex- Principle IV.6.7’ at IV.6.7. https://www.translex.org/935000 (accessed April 20, 2021).

Fattorini, Leo and others. Covid-19: Where to next for Airlines and their investors?. (Bird & Bird, March 2020). https://www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/covid19-where-to-next-for-airlines-and-their-investors (accessed April 5, 2021).

Force Majeurein Aviation Contract’ (Winstan & Strawn LLP, April 2020). https://www.winston.com/en/thought-leadership/force-majeure-in-aviation-contracts.html (accessed April 4, 2021).

Fortin, Elodie. The Impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) on aviation finance. (LexisNexis, March 2020). https://www.lexisnexis.co.uk/blog/covid-19/the-impact-of-coronavirus-(covid19)-on-aviation-finance (accessed April 6, 2021).

Great Elephant Corporation v Trafigura Beheer BV. (2013). EWCA Civ 907. (25).

Goode R. Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment and Protocol thereto on Matters specific to Aircraft Equipment: Official Commentary. (UNIDROIT 2002). 175-180.

Hardship Trans Lex-Principle VIII’ at VIII.1. https://www.trans-lex.org/951000 (accessed April 15,2021).

Hanley, D. P. Aircraft operating leasing: a legal and practical analysis in the context of public and private international air law. (2011, November 24). https://hdl.handle.net/1887/18146.

Henry D. Gabriel, The Use of Soft Law in the Creation of Legal Norms in International Commercial Law: How Successful Has It Been?, 40 MICH. J. INT'L L. 413 (2019). https://repository.law.umich.edu/mjil/vol40/iss3/3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36642/mjil.40.3.use

How much did the Corona hit which airline company?. (DW made for Minds, 8 July 2020). https://www.dw.com/tr/korona-hangi-havayolu-%C5%9Firketini-ne-kadar-vurdu/g54488779. (accessed April 13, 2021).

IAS Plus. IAS 17- Leases. (Deloitte). https://www.iasplus.com/en/standards/ias/ias17. (accessed April 7, 2021).

IATA Economics. Airline industry will continue to burn through cash until 2022. (IATA, 9 October 2020). https://www.iata.org/en/iata-repository/publications/economicreports/airline-industry-will-continue-to-burn-through-cash-until-2022 (accessed 13 April 2021).

IATA Economics. Airline Financial Monitor. (IATA, 18 September 2020). www.iata.org/en/iata-repository/publications/economic-reports/airlines-financial-monitoraugust-2020. (accessed April 12 2021).

ICC. award No 7365 of 5 May 1997.

International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT).Principles of International Commercial Contracts. (2016). (hereinafter UPICC). United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. (11 April 1980). 1489 UNTS 3, 19 ILM 668. (hereinafter CISG).

International Sale of Goods. (11 April 1980). 1489 UNTS 3, 19 ILM 668. (hereinafter CISG). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020782900048828

International Chamber of Commerce. ICC Force MajeureAnd Hardship Clauses 2020: Introductory Note and

Commentary. (ICC, June 2020).https://iccwbo.org/content/uploads/sites/3/2020/07/icc-forcemajeureintroductory-note.pdf (accessed April 18, 2021).

Jimenez, Hortencia. Commercial Aircraft Leasing and its Booming Complexities. (MSc. Aviation Administration thesis, Middle Tennessee State University 2017).

Kikoyo, Henry. Liability Management for Airlines Following Complete Shut Down of Operations or Aircraft Groundings in the Wake of Coronavirus (COVID-19). (Brownrudnick, 26 March 2020). https://brownrudnick.com/alert/liability-management-for-airlines-followingcomplete-shut-down-of-operations-or-aircraft-groundings-in-the-wake-of-coronavirus-covid19/ (accessed April 15, 2021).

Lease Europe and Author Andersons. Leasing in Europe. (McGraw Hill Book Company 1992). 53-54.

Ledebuh, Brian W. and others. COVID-19, "Force Majeure” Clauses and Contractual Nonperformance. (2020). XI (139) TNLR https://www.natlawreview.com/article/covid-19-force-majeure-clauses-and-contractual nonperformance (accessed April 15, 2021).

Marchisio, Giacomo. Rebus Sic Stantibus: A Comparative Analysis for International Arbitration. (July 11, 2012). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2103641 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2103641 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2103641

McMahon, John P. Applying for Managers and Counsel: Applying the CISG. (IICL, May 2010 https://iicl.law.pace.edu/cisg/page/guide-managers-and-counsel-applying-cisg (accessed April 20, 2021).

Northern Indiana Public Service Co. v Carbon County Coal Co. (7th Cir. 1986799) F.2d 265. (275).

Nwafor. Ndubuisi Augustine Comparative and Critical Analysis of the Doctrine of Exemption/Frustration/Force Majeureunder the United Nations Convention on the Contract for International Sale of Goods, English Law and UNIDROIT Principles. (PhD thesis, University of Stirling 2015).

Pandemic bill heavier in Lufthansa. (DW made for Minds, 21 September 2020). https://www.dw.com/tr/lufthansada-pandemi-faturas%C4%B1-a%C4%9F%C4%B1rla%C5%9Ft%C4%B1/a-55006511 (accessed April 13, 2021).

People Republic of China v Netherlands. (2005) CIETAC (IICL, 2005) https://iicl.law.pace.edu/cisg/case/china-march-5-2005-translation-available (accessed April 20, 2021).

Petchenik, Ian. Scrapping along the Bottom: April Air Traffic Statistics. (Flightradar24, 1 May 2020) https://www.flightradar24.com/blog/scraping-along-the-bottom-april-air-trafficstatistics/ (accessed April 12, 2021)

Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment on Matters Specific to Aircraft Equipment, (Nov. 16, 2001), 2367 U.N.T.S. 517, art VIII. (hereinafter Aircraft Protocol to Cape Town Convention).

Regional: COVID-19 as Force Majeurein Aviation Contracts. Comparative Analysis across 10 Jurisdictions.(Kinstellar, March 2020) https://www.kinstellar.com/insights/detail/1059/regional-covid-19-as-force-majeure-inaviation-contracts-comparative-analysis-across-10-jurisdictions (accessed April 6, 2021).

Rimke, Joern. Force Majeure and Hardship: Application in International Trade Practice with Specific Regard to the CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts in Pace International Law Review (ed) Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) 1999-2000 (Kluwer, The Hague, 2001) 197, 219.

Scafom Int’l BV v. Tubes s.a.s., Case No. C.07.0289.N http://www.unilex.info/case.cfmpid=2&do=case&id=1456&step=FullText (accessed April 22, 2021).

Tandrin Aviation v Aero Toy Store Neutral Citation Number: (2010).EWHC 40 (Comm)Case No: CLAIM NO. 2009 / FOLIO 206.

The Rebus Sic Stantibus clause in the presence of Covid-19. (Osborne Clarke, March 2020). https://www.osborneclarke.com/insights/rebus-sic-stantibus-clause-presence-covid-19/ (accessed April 17, 2021).

UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing. (Ottawa, 28 May 1988).(hereinafter Financial Leasing Convention).

Wool, Jefrey. The Next Generation of International Aviation Finance Law: An Overview of the Proposed UNIDROIT Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment as Applied to Aircraft Equipment. (1999). 20:3 U. Pa. J Int'l Econ. L 499.

World Health Organization. Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19’. (WHO, 11 March 2020) https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/whodirector-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020. (accessed April 10, 2021).

Zuvin, Serap; Can Ucarer, Onur. The Aircraft Financing Market after COVID-19. (International Bar Association, 2020) https://www.ibanet.org/article/2cb405cf-621a-4791-809f-748f09b0402d (accessed April 13, 2021).

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citado por

Sistema OJS 3 - Metabiblioteca |